4 Types of Triads ♦  Naming ♦  Series ♦  Der/Par ♦  Intervals ♦  Formulas ♦  Lines of 7 ♦  Circle of 5ths

Tone Series

Here are tone series for every tone, based on key centers.

M/m → M = for Major key tones, m = for minor, M/m = both. The Major scale tones are in bold for tones in the Major keys.

  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 0
M/m A Bb B C C# D Eb E F F# G G# A
M Ab A Bb B C Db D Eb E F F# G Ab
m G# A A# B C C# D D# E F F# G G#
M/m B C C# D D# E F F# G G# A A# B
M/m Bb B C C# D Eb E F F# G G# A Bb
M/m C Db D Eb E F Gb G Ab A Bb B C
m C# D D# E F F# G G# A A# B C C#
M Db D Eb E F Gb G Ab A Bb B C Db
M/m D Eb E F F# G Ab A Bb B C C# D
m D# E F F# G G# A A# B C C# D D#
M/m Eb E F F# G Ab A Bb B C C# D Eb
M/m E F F# G G# A Bb B C C# D D# E
M/m F F# G G# A Bb B C C# D D# E F
M/m F# G G# A A# B C C# D D# E E# F#
M G Ab A Bb B C Db D Eb E F F# G
M Gb G Ab A Bb B C Db D Eb E F G

Enharmonics: We have chosen one enharmonic tone for each location in a series [we automatically know if tones have 2 names]. These are our preferences. You might have a different preference.

Non-diatonic tone spelling: Our naming scheme favors the Major Pentatonic naming from the 6 of every Major key [shading ]. This means that the tones outside of the Major key build a Major Pentatonic when started on the 6 of any Major key. An example: in the key of B Major, the tones outside the Major key are C, D, F, G, and A. If we arrange them 6-8-10-1-3, the tone row is F-G-A-C-D, which is F Major Pentatonic. It is up to each of us to determine the best tone series naming for each tone.

Note: C# can be a Major key, but it used so rarely [Db instead], that we have only listed it as a minor. In C#, all tones are sharped. Similarly, Cb is all flats, but the key is also B, which is more commonly used.